Faraday Insights

The Faraday Institution regularly publishes Faraday Insights, evidence-based assessments of the market, economics, commercial potential, and capabilities for energy storage technologies and the transition to a fully electric UK. The insights are concise briefings that aim to help bridge knowledge gaps across industry, academia, and government.

If you would like to suggest a subject for a future Insight, please contact us.

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A Method to Prioritise and Accelerate the Commercial Value of Research

The UK: A Low Carbon Location to Manufacture, Drive and Recycle Electric Vehicles

Sodium-ion Batteries: Inexpensive and Sustainable Energy Storage

Why Batteries Fail and How to Improve Them: Understanding Degradation to Advance Lithium-ion Battery Performance

The Importance of Coherent Regulatory and Policy Strategies for the Recycling of EV Batteries

Lithium-Sulfur Batteries: Lightweight Technology for Multiple Sectors

Building a Responsible Cobalt Supply Chain

Lithium, Cobalt and Nickel: The Gold Rush of the 21st Century

Solid-State Batteries: The Technology of the 2030s but the Research Challenge of the 2020s

Electric Vehicle and Battery Safety Skills for Emergency Services, Vehicle Repair, and Auto Retailers

Bringing Cheap, Clean and Reliable Energy to Developing Countries

The Gigafactory Boom: the Demand for Battery Manufacturing in the UK

The Road to Electrification – From the Internal Combustion Engine to the Battery Electric Vehicle

Faraday Reports

UK Electric Vehicle and Battery Production Potential to 2040

Techno-economic Analysis of Battery Energy Storage for Reducing Fossil Fuel Use in Sub-Saharan Africa

National Electrification Skills Framework and Forum

High-Energy Battery Technologies

Global Overview of Energy Storage Performance Test Protocols

Faraday Institution Annual Reports

Faraday Institution's Annual Report 2020/21

Faraday Institution's Annual Report 2019/20

Faraday Institution's Annual Report 2018/19


The following Faraday Institution technology roadmaps present an overview of the fundamental challenges impeding the commercial development of a range of energy storage technologies, the necessary advances to understand the underlying science, and the multidisciplinary approach being taken by our researchers in facing these challenges. It is our hope that these roadmaps will guide academia, industry, and funding agencies towards the further development of such batteries in the future.

2021 Roadmap on Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Materials

2020 Roadmap on Solid-state Batteries

2021 Roadmap on Sodium-ion Batteries


The following reports were commissioned by the Faraday Institution or represent key publications in which the Faraday Institution played a contributing role.

A Zero Carbon Energy System: The Operability Challenge

Closing the Loop on Energy Access in Africa

Reuse and Recycling: Environmental Sustainability of Lithium-Ion Battery Energy Storage Systems

How Carbon Pricing Can Help Britain Achieve Net Zero by 2050

A Vision for a Sustainable Battery Value Chain in 2030

Global Overview of Energy Storage Performance Test Protocols

Faraday Briefings

In addition to our Faraday Insights, the organisation also circulates short press briefings on subjects topical to energy storage policy and market adoption. These provide comment from subject area experts and background information providing insight to journalists.

We welcome approaches from journalists seeking comment on a range of subject areas around battery research, innovation, roll-out and policy. Please contact Communications Lead Louise Gould to set up an interview.

Brexit and Batteries: Rules of Origin


Contact Stephen Gifford, Chief Economist, stephen.gifford@faraday.ac.uk +44 1235 425300
regarding economics or policy studies being undertaken by the Faraday Institution.

Scientific papers published as part of the Faraday Institution’s research programmes can be found here.


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