The Faraday Institution’s portfolio of research includes seven projects that aim to optimise the performance of lithium-ion technologies.
The car industry wants better battery life, lower cost, greater energy storage to improve range and increased power available to the EV during acceleration. The greatest improvements in battery performance are likely to arise from refinements to the chemistry of the cathode, which is why the Faraday Institution is funding two projects in this area (CATMAT and FutureCat). Developing a new generation of lithium-ion cathodes that meet future performance requirements presents a major scientific and commercial challenge.
There are fundamental limits to the performance improvements that can be expected from the deployment of Li-ion technology. Longer term, step changes in EV cost, range and safety will have to rely on the commercialisation of new battery chemistries.